When it comes to contraception most of the people still prefer those old favorites, ‘the pill and the condom’. However, with the rapid advances in the medical world, there are a number of other contraception options available today. So do not shy anymore asking for the choices!
Here is a brief guide to the latest types of female contraceptives now approved in India, along with their specific pros and cons:
What is it? It is a long-acting reversible contraception injected into the body. It is quite effective and it lasts for 8 weeks to 13 weeks, depending on the type used.
- It can be used even if you are breastfeeding.
- It does not interrupt sex.
- You don't have to remember to take a pill every day.
- It could ease painful periods.
- It offers some protection from pelvic inflammatory disease (the mucus from the cervix may stop bacteria entering the womb) and may also give some protection against cancer of the womb.
- It can cause some women to gain weight.
- Periods and fertility may take time to return after you discontinue this method.
What is it? In contraceptive implant, a small flexible rod is placed under the skin of the upper arm by a health professional and it is this rod that releases progestogen to stop ovulation.
- The implant lasts for three years but can be taken out sooner.
- When the implant is removed your fertility will return to normal.
- You can feel it with your fingers in your arm, though it can't be seen.
- It is put using a local anesthesia.
- It may increase chances of getting acne.
Intrauterine device (IUD)
What is it? It is a small plastic and copper device known as a ‘coil’ which is put into the uterus by a doctor or nurse. It works immediately and can stay in from 5 to 10 years, though it can be removed at any time as per your personal choice seeking a help of a health professional.
- It does not contain any hormones.
- When it is removed, your fertility will return to normal.
- It could make periods heavier.
- There is a small chance of getting an infection in the first 20 days after insertion.
What is it? It is a small patch one can stick on to the skin od your shoulders. It releases estrogen and progestogen and stops ovulation. It is quite effective.
- It improves your menstrual-pattern by making it more regular and lighter.
- It can improve acne for some women.
- It is not suitable for overweight women or smokers over 35-years-old.
- It can cause temporary side-effects such as headaches, nausea, mood changes, and breast tenderness. However, a minor chance of serious side-effects such as blood clots, breast, and cervical cancer is also observed.
Do talk to your doctor to decide on the best method for you. Stay aware! Stay healthy!