A feeling of pain, burning, stinging, or discomfort during urination is medically called as ‘Dysuria’. Broadly speaking, pain during urination can occur because of irritation or inflammation anywhere along your urinary tract. At times, conditions affecting the genital organs can also cause discomfort during urination.
Read here about 6 medical conditions that can cause painful urination and also explore ways to find relief from them.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
UTIs are the most common cause of painful urination in both men and women. It is usually treated with common antibiotics or OTC drugs
To avoid recurrent UTIs, try maintaining good genital hygiene, prefer wearing cotton underwear for breathability, and do pass urine each time after you have sex. Also, drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
Sexually-transmitted diseases (STDs)
Urethritis caused by a sexually-transmitted organism is a very common cause of painful urination in men. Other common STDs such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and genital herpes can also cause terrible smelling discharge and pain while peeing.
STDs can be successfully treated with a course of antibiotics. Speak with your doctor for right medication to find relief.
Postmenopausal women, with low levels of estrogen, suffer various hormonal upheavals like atrophic vaginitis, or vaginal atrophy, which leads to excessive dryness of the urinary tract thus resulting in discomfort during urination.
Atrophic vaginitis or related hormonal conditions can be treated with prescribed lubricants or hormone therapy, depending on the condition. Consult a Gynaecologist to seek right medication.
Eating 2 to 3 cups of plain yogurt daily may also help to maintain a healthy vaginal pH balance and give comfort from the pain.
A stone in the ureter, bladder or urethra can also cause severe pain on urination.
Drinking plenty of fluids has been recommended to help stones pass. Alpha-adrenergic blockers are also prescribed to help the stone to pass. Your urologist can decide the right therapy for you.
About one-third patient with bladder cancer
has pain on urination. Advanced prostate cancer is also a prime cause of obstruction to urine flow and painful urination. Do consult your doctor for right therapy.
Use products like douches or feminine hygiene washes might lead to urinary burning. If your skin is super sensitive, using soaps, bubble-baths, spermicides, scented toilet paper can also irritate the urethra and cause pain during urination.
Inflammation and irritation caused by chemicals can heal on its own in a day or two if you stop using the products.
Nevertheless, make sure to talk to your healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and treatment for Dysuria, if the pain on urination persists beyond a couple of days. Stay aware to stay healthy!